Astronomy, Aeronautics, Physics, Cosmology, & Engineering (oh my!) Sequence
({Wizard of Oz}{Zardoz}) (previous space projects)

PBIS Astronomy Sequence
Student Logon =McMsci
Student PassWord = Stem4u
supplimentary resources

SPACE projects

(Eyes On The Universe) (Eyes on the Solar System) (WorldWide Telescope [html5])
(JPL Mars GIS) (music) (Interactive Periodic Table) (
Geologic & Cosmic Scales TimeLines) (STEM rscs.) (NASA k12Ed) (NASA K12Ed Topic Search) (JPL k12ed) (JPL MarsTrek GIS)
( / (


OnLine - Lab Time Not Required

SDSS - Sloan Digital Sky Survey OnLine Labs (space)

Chandra X-Ray Space Telescope Black Hole Astronomy
Rutgers ds9 x-ray data visualization
Several activities using SAOimage ds9)(FAQs) Download the application at home, or work off the PC laptop in the lab. Hand in TITLED activity description & answer all questions throughout each investigation.)

Celestial Navigation 101 =

Constellation Blanks (Titled by Season & Page #)(3pts/each)
Identify 10 constellations, and one named star apiece MINIMUM. Suggest making WORKING prints, working in pencil, and number / lettering constellations / stars on the front, and identifying them on back.

Print out the following . . .

50) circumpolar(7pts.)

51) Early Fall (7pts.)

52) Late Fall(7pts.)

53) Early Winter(7pts.)

54) Easter(7pts.)

55) Spring(7pts.)

56) Summer(7pts.)

Best for starters . . . search for yourself as desired . . . suggest free phone "star map" apps

Heavans Above Interactive (old version)

HTML5 SkyMap / SkyMap (FAQ)

ENGINEERING - IN LAB ONLY = Tony Stark - engineering - cautionary - reminder

Hero's Engine - (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(7)(8)

(2 x 2 foot section of glass per student)
Obtain from Mr. Justin a #7*2-hole stopper, some glass tubing, a cutter, & some non-coated tongs or pliers. Use your Bunsen, igniters, safety equipment (goggles), & clay heat shields as found in your lab stations. If you missed the intro to glassware, make an appointment to see Mr. Justin 7am for help.

Design your own nozzles to fit into the stopper. Experiment with water amounts, distance from burner, and of course nozzle design. Be careful to vary only one thing at a time, so you’ll know what changes in performance result from. Record your design iterations as CERs in your journal, and retain your old nozzel designs to discuss with Mr.J. while looking over your plans, and intended fixes.

Test your nozzles using splashguards at each station, and Ehrlenmeyer flasks checked out from Mr. Justin, who will approve all experimental runs! 10 ADDITIONAL points for EACH 100rpm above 200, NO LIMIT!.

Minimum of 2 nozzle designs, within a minimum of 2 sides of a paper handwritten. Your grade is not only dependent on your product, which may be luck or intuition, but on solid CERs and a well communicated (to Mr.J.) idea.

Hero's Lab Journal Notes √  - EACH PERSON is GRADED ON:
1) "stand alone" design
2) clear dimension measurements
3) construction notes - ESPECIALLY errors & fixes attempted
4) observations - technique insights, construction insights, revision ideas, test observations & accompanying data
200rpm = full credit 3/4. Each 100rpm beyond = 10 lab pts. & 4/4.
6) SPACE project alternatives =
- SDSS - Sloan Digital Sky Survey
- Constellation Blanks
- Bottle Rockets
- Space Probe Models
- Flying Paper Airplane Models
(Space Unit sequence & assignment details)

"Wrap-Up";> = GeoTime Model construction
1mm = 10^6years = use string, masking tape, & pen (oh my!)

2L Bottle Rockets

1) Wikipedia

2) NASA-GRC Bottle Rocket Interactive Tutorial - Rocket Research 101

3) Clauset's Instruction Page (new format)

4) NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Flash CAD (FAQ) (source - NASA Educator's Rocketry Guides)

5) Ohio 4H sim

6) Air Command

7) NASA Goddard Spaceflight Center Beginner's Guide to Rockets (2) (3) (PDF)

8) sim

9) (NASA SRC sim - click 3rd top right blue boardered white button for water rocket)

10) WaterRockets.Com - DO NOT USE METAL CANS





- Hot Melt Glue Guns can ONLY cool VERTICALLY
, or you buy 2 replacements

Each table / period gets a 2L bottle, tape, fin, nose cone materials, and design software.

memo - the multistage design on BigFoot's page does not work:<...

The launcher & pump are shared among all tables. Your table group can launch on your own, but ALL GEAR MUST COME BACK EACH TIME USED (or lose credit)!

Consider mass distribution, water/air ratios (reaction mass & impulse), pressure, streamlining, and center of pressure/center of gravity (cp/cg) placement.

Vary one thing at a time, & RECORD what causes what.

To find center of pressure, balance a cutout of your design. CG applies to the actual model, loaded & empty.

DownLoad a PDF file for making your own Altitude Tracker (2) if interested in assessing altitude performance on your own. Mr. J. still needs to VERIFY altitude XC's.

Categories for extra credit are:

ALTITUDE (10pts/100ft. beyond initial),

DOWNRANGE DISTANCE ATTAINED (10pts/100ft - must designate direction to be measured before launch),


PARACHUTE (10pts/functioning mechanism of significant difference)

GLIDER (10pts/100ft downrange, or 20pts for 2 phase flight - clean boost, & glide recovery).


PBIS (Diving Into Science LS4) - (Parachute Iterations & Scaling) = Egg Drop Lander =

17) Pathfinder Model & EggDrop Lander:>(20pts)
Cut, paste on tagboard, assemble, & color the pathfinder model template. Follow all instructions on the coverpage regarding construction & testing of an eggdrop lander. Provide writeup on the mission profile and findings . Have Mr.J. observe the egg drop, and examine the model with the writeup in front of him. Consult the project website for timeline, costs, activities, instruments, and mission profile. "Functional" airbag lander instructions also available. For egg-stra;> credit you may attempt your own design as well:>REMEMBER, ANOTHER 10pt. CREDIT FOR INTACT LANDER EGGS:>! (launched on a 1m cord at 1rpm to land on concrete, no parachute, any internal padding you wish). For eggdrop efficacy, try downloading the external airbag model page into an image application or word processor, and increasing size by 200-300% (or use this pdf).

Intermediate Range Recon Probe Trials & MockUps:> (stomp rocket competetion)


Use the launch system @ your table, cellophane or masking tape, & protractor to determine launch angle, and a known mass (use scales) of clay "payload" NEVER ANYTHING POINTY - NO OTHER MATERIALS - INTERNET RESEARCH AND INFORMATION SHARING ENCOURAGED!

Your team MUST DOCUMENT ALL DESIGN DETAILS FOR CREDIT - (design & construction details, payload mass, launch angle.)

Stomp on the 2L bottle with ACROSS THE MIDDLE, WITH ONE FOOT ONLY
(foot @ right angle to the length of the bottle - lengthwise ruins the bottle quickly, and you only get one bottle exchange!)

You must get from the back nearest seam to the building of the nearest sidewalk to beyond the edge of the furthest sidewalk for group credit (9pts.).
First team to make the goal gets double credit:>
Sharing elements of success is encouraged with an additional full credit (3x overall:>).

Life History Coloring TimeLine - print out, join sections with good seam matching & in correct sequence (left = earliest, right = most recent), color in life forms, and ID them by # on the top (sky) or in black areas.


Enginering Chalenge = SCALE (FLYING) MODELS:>!

oragami paper airplanes (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10)

Walkalong-Glider // "The Moth" - excellent general purpose //

Flying Scale AirCraft Models = / Fly'N Things-Koopman-WWII-Stealth / SpaceStation42-MetaIndex / OnLinePaperAirPlaneMuseum-MetaIndex /Amazing paper Airplanes // Free Paper Airplanes  // Airplanes & Helicopters //

Scale SpaceCraft = / JPL / NASA / NASA kids /

/Space Projects / SP2 / SP3 / SP4 /

messenger / 757 / STS / Orion / X1 /

Print, color (using your own coloring pencils or markers), cut out, assemble, and demonstrate airworthiness of any of the above for credit.

Use regular 8 1/2x11 paper, and adhear the parts sheets to with gluestick before cutting.

Google the craft, and provide 1 paragraph summary of it's performance, mission, and service era.

Put yout name on your work (so no one else can claim it). Either I keep your work, or you can pick it up at the end of the day,


Kite Plans


SPACE projects


Scales &TimeLines


Brian Green World Science U

Brian Green String Theory Vid (2hrs)

Kip Thorne Time Travel

Tim Ferris Cosmology Vid

Tuft's Cosmology

Powers of 10 Vids

Powers of Time Vids

Ned Wright's Cosmology

GalaxySong SlideShow

micro scale slider

Physics Classroom Home Page - covers everything in Gr9pSci, & more. Offers tutorials, practice problems graded for you as you go (with hints available), OnLine demos & labs.

OnLine Labs - 9 completed to standard & explained = 1 level boost for 1 term
shockwave studios -
multimedia studios -

Tutorials - for reading ahead, or clearing up stuff as you wish . . . only

AAAS General Relativity Graphic Novel (just for grins, no XC)

Test Prep / Practice Resources - possible credit depending on documentation, explaination, and test performance (if they work / you did them, you will probably ace the tests, and if you bomb the test, you probably clicked through instead of thought it through . . . )

Review Sessions - great for test prep concept review / notes . . .
Physics Help - interactive review - - great for test prep concept review / notes  as well . . .
Minds On Physics - interactive quizzes - great for test prep practice . . .
Calculator Pad - quizzes + auditory explainations - more good review resources, but bring your own earbuds or do at home . . .

ActivePhysics OnLine

(XC resources)
















Modified "Big Idea" = What scales & structures are observable in our Universe, and how they evolve over time?


Astro-LS2 = How Do Earth, the Moon, & the Sun Move Through Space?
PBIS-Scale Model - Earth-Moon-Sun System - PBIS-Gnomen -

Astro-LS3 = How Do Other Solar System Objects Move Through Space?
PBIS+SSA-Scale Model - Solar System - a) SDSS-Solar System - b) SDSS-Asteroids -

Astro-LS4 = How Do Objects Outside Our Solar System Move Through Space? c) SDSS-Color (stellar spectra) - d) SDSS-Types of Stars (spectra / HR Diagram) - e) SDSS-Galaxies - f) SDSS-Universe (Hubble Constant) - g) SDSS-Scavenger Hunt - PBIS-parallax -


Astro-LS2 = How Do Earth, the Moon, & the Sun Move Through Space?
PBIS-Scale Model - Earth-Moon-Sun System - PBIS-Gnomen -

1) READ+Answer = AST-LS2.0 = "How Do Earth, the Moon, & the Sun Move Through Space", then read AST-LS2.1-66-72. Follow text procedures & provide stand alone statements in your Lab Journal for the 5 "Analyze Your Data & 2 "Reflect" question s on AST-69, & the 6 "Reflect questions on AST-71. Show to Mr.J & discuss your findings with him, and edit as needed. 4/4 credit if complete, accurate, & meaningfully communicated by the deadline provided in class, 3/4 if shown to Mr.J. to the same standards afterward, by student initiative.

done = p1 + p2 + p3 + p4

2) LAB (small globe, clay, golf pencil, flashlight) = LS2.2-AST-73-79 "Make a Model of the Apparent Motion of the Sun"